Comparison of RBD and Fault Tree Simulation
The slightly modified constructs in BlockSim FTI erase the distinction between reliability block diagrams (RBD) and fault trees. Given this, any analysis that is possible in a BlockSim RBD (including throughput analysis) is also available when utilizing fault trees. In this article, the simulation of an RBD and its corresponding fault tree will be compared.
Consider the RBD shown in Figure 1 and its equivalent fault tree representation in Figure 2.
Figure 1: RBD for a repairable system
Figure 2: Fault tree equivalent for the RBD shown in Figure 1
In addition, assume the following basic failure and repair properties for each block and event:
Figure 3 shows a sample table of simulation results for up to t = 1,000 using simulations for each diagram and an identical seed.
Figure 3: Sample simulation results
As expected, the results are equivalent (within an expected difference due to simulation) regardless of the diagram type used. It should be pointed out that even though the same seed was utilized by both diagrams, the results are not always expected to be identical. The order in which the blocks are read from a fault tree diagram during the simulation may differ from the order in which they are read in the RBD. Therefore, a different random number stream for each block (e.g. block G in the RBD may receive a different sequence of random numbers than event block G in the FTI) may be utilized.
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